From the past – energy and environment view in 2001
Energy and the Environment
Editor: David Sugarman
April 2001 Edition
Table of Contents
Climate Change 9
MORE SPECIES DECLINE LINKED TO CLIMATE CHANGE 9
CLIMATE TALKS CHIEF OFFERS NEW GLOBAL WARMING PLAN 9
EU DETERMINED ON CLIMATE DEAL WITH OR WITHOUT U.S. 9
U.N. CLIMATE REPORT CLARIFIES 'SINKS' 9
CLIMATE CHANGE MAY BE DEADLY FOR AMPHIBIANS 10
MOON SHEDS LIGHT ON CLIMATE CHANGE ON EARTH 10
CALCULATE YOUR PERSONAL GLOBAL WARMING IMPACT ONLINE 10
GLOBAL WARMING IS MELTING AUSTRALIA'S ALPINE SNOW 10
WARMING THREATENS BUILDINGS IN THE ARCTIC 10
WARMING OCEANS PORTEND DESTRUCTIVE EL NINO 11
UK WEATHER EXPERT CRITICIZES GOVERNMENT ON GLOBAL WARMING 11
BIODIVERSITY GIVES CARBON SINKS A BOOST 11
Climate Change Central to Sponsor Alberta GHG Emissions Trading Simulation 11
Europe Vs the USA on Kyoto Protocol 12
EU World Trip Confirms U.S. Isolation on Kyoto 12
GLOBAL WARMING TREATY ISN'T COMPLETE WITHOUT U.S. 12
NEW CLIMATE PROPOSALS AIM TO APPEASE USA 13
U.S. CLIMATE STANCE TRIGGERS BOYCOTT THREATS 13
EPA MANAGER GIVES EUROPE NO JOY ON CLIMATE PROTOCOL 13
CANADA FIRM IN SUPPORT OF CLIMATE TREATY 13
Europe Will Ratify Kyoto Protocol Without the USA 14
WORLD LEADERS URGE BUSH TO RETHINK GLOBAL WARMING 14
EUROPE WILL RATIFY KYOTO PROTOCOL WITHOUT THE USA 14
UN OFFERS TO ANSWER BUSH'S CLIMATE CHANGE DOUBTS 14
AUSTRALIA URGED NOT TO JOIN U.S. ON CLIMATE BACKFLIP 14
EUROPEAN ASSEMBLY BLASTS U.S. ON KYOTO PROTOCOL 15
CLIMATE BREAKDOWN PITS USA AGAINST THE WORLD 15
PACIFIC ENVIRONMENTALISTS SEEK U.S. GOODS BOYCOTT 15
UN CLIMATE HEAD URGES US NOT TO BLOCK KYOTO TREATY 15
JAPAN VOWS TO SUPPORT KYOTO PACT 16
Air Pollution 17
BUSH BACKS CLINTON EPA ON MERCURY 17
Australia Tackles Emissions With Cogeneration Boost 17
MONGOLIA DUST CLOUD MOVES ACROSS AMERICA 17
OZONE DEPLETION LESS THAN USUAL OVER NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 17
FOOT-AND-MOUTH PYRES CREATE DIOXINS 18
SMALL POWER PLANTS ARE BIG OZONE PRODUCERS 18
POWER PLANT LOCATION PLAYS ROLE IN SMOG FORMATION 18
FUEL, POWERTRAIN STUDY BACKS RENEWABLES 19
USED MOTOR OIL COLLECTION AND RECYCLING SITE 19
BIO-BASED INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS SITE 19
Power Production 20
EXPERTS SAY MORE ACTIONS NEEDED TO SOLVE CALIFORNIA CRISIS 20
BUSH COUNTS ON INDUSTRY'S CLEAN-COAL TECHNOLOGY 20
BioMass Energy Concepts to provide turnkey biomass-fueled cogeneration energy systems 20
The DoD fuel cell demo program: an overview 21
Green power turns brown in California 21
Power Plants 21
Combustion Data Acquisition System 21
Green Energy 22
GEOTHERMAL PLANT COULD POWER ENTIRE UK 22
NEW SOLAR TECHNOLOGIES EMERGE TO MEET ELECTRICITY DEMAND 22
New Website Offers Clean Energy Data, Facts, Employment Information 22
Renewables Can Bridge Poverty Gap, Says UN Team 23
Energy Efficiency 24
FUEL EFFICIENCY SLIGHTED IN CAR SHOW 24
Public Power Renewable Energy Action Team Launched 24
CANNING RIVER CRISIS: OIL AND WATER DON'T MIX 25
AMERICA'S RIVERS RAVAGED BY ENERGY CONSUMPTION 25
Rivers Have Long Way to Flow to Meet New EU Law 25
A Better Way to Estimate Wastewater Treatment Plant Costs 26
Waste or conserve water: peril vs. prosperity 26
leaders brainstorm ways for water systems to sidestep summer energy crunch 26
Analyzing a new biological treatment process for wastewater 26
Sustainable Management For Dams And Waters 27
Findings may boost efforts to destroy pollutants in water with ultrasound 27
EPA announces new standard for arsenic in drinking water 27
MTBE: Effects on Soil and Groundwater Resources 27
WORLD'S RICHEST NATIONS URGE GREEN TAXES 28
HOW TO INVENTORY YOUR WASTES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE 28
EUROPE TACKLES HIGH COST OF ENERGY DEPENDENCY 28
BP Amoco Pays Big Bucks for Oil Spill in Small Kansas Town 28
A better way to estimate wastewater treatment plant costs 28
EPA announces $38 million for Brownfields cleanup 29
Atomic Energy Agency describes Chernobyl's disastrous impact 29
Law & Policy 30
BUSH BUDGET SLASHES ENVIRONMENTAL, ENERGY EFFICIENCY 30
NEW ENERGY STANDARDS APPROVED 30
BUSH MAY PULL BACK ENERGY STANDARDS 30
ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE ISSUES FORCE CEMENT PLANT TO CLOSE 31
EPA ARSENIC EVALUATION MOVE CRITICIZED 31
POLLUTION LAWSUIT ESCALATES IN HOUSTON 31
BUSH ENERGY BUDGET BOOSTS FOSSIL FUELS, CUTS RENEWABLES 31
Arsenic in politics may be hazardous to health 31
Non-Chemical Water Treatment System 32
1.5 Megawatt Wind Turbine Gear Unit 32
Greater flexibility for states in vehicle emission control systems 32
Surfactant combinations for enhanced removal of contaminants 32
Pollution Control System Parts/Service 33
APT-4PFM Water Discharge System 33
Water Filtration System 33
Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation 33
Aerosol Particle Profiler 33
Water Treatment Membrane Processes 34
DataRAM 4(TM) Dual-Wavelength Aerosol Monitor 34
Aerosol Particle Profiler 34
Carbon Dioxide Monitor 34
Information & Literature 35
Hazardous Waste Management, 2E 35
BUILDER DATABASE ON PVC ALTERNATIVES 35
Water and Wastewater Technology 35
Air Pollution Engineering Manual, 2E 35
MTBE: Effects on Soil and Groundwater Resources 36
Handbook of Public Water Systems, 2E 36
Industrial Water Pollution Control 36
Air Quality Web 36
Industrial Water Reuse and Wastewater Minimization 37
Industrial Biofouling: Detection, Prevention and Control 37
Sampling, Analysis and Monitoring Methods: A Guide to EPA and OSHA Requirements 37
Indoor Air Quality Handbook 37
Quality Assessment of Water and Wastewater 38
Petroleum Refining, 4th Edition 38
Resources of the Earth: Origin, Use, and Environmental Impact 38
Environmental Forensics 38
Manual of Applied Field Hydrogeology 39
EPA Special Feature 40
Arsenic in ground water 42
TOXICS RELEASE REPORT HIGHLIGHTS PROGRESS, SETBACKS 44
Million dollar fines issued for Delaware and Nebraska companies 44
MORE SPECIES DECLINE LINKED TO CLIMATE CHANGE
For the first time, scientists have made a direct link between global warming trends and amphibian declines. The findings are published in the April 5 issue of the journal Nature.
CLIMATE TALKS CHIEF OFFERS NEW GLOBAL WARMING PLAN
The head of the U.N. forum on global warming will on Thursday outline a new plan permitting industrialized countries to use forests and farmlands as carbon absorbing "sinks" in a bid to jump start talks to cut greenhouse gases. The United States triggered a global outcry last month by rejecting a treaty to curb global warming, forcing Jan Pronk, the current head the U.N. body and Dutch environment minister, to seek a compromise policy.
EU DETERMINED ON CLIMATE DEAL WITH OR WITHOUT U.S.
The European Union has gathered strong support for pushing ahead with a 1997 deal to combat global warming, despite Washington's rejection of the pact, EU officials wrapping up a global tour said on Tuesday. Swedish Environment Minister Kjell Larsson said the special EU delegation had been encouraged by the response they received in China, Iran and Russia although Japan, where the Kyoto treaty was signed, appeared to be holding out hope for U.S. involvement.
U.N. CLIMATE REPORT CLARIFIES 'SINKS'
A Swedish government official gave the first clues on Tuesday as to the contents of a new U.N. environmental report intended to rescue world climate talks. The U.N. paper outlines how countries could meet targets to reduce greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) by counting their forests as "sinks" which absorb the CO2 emissions produced by human activity, the Swedish official leaked to Reuters.
CLIMATE CHANGE MAY BE DEADLY FOR AMPHIBIANS
Researchers report finding a link between man-made climate changes and the alarming disappearance of amphibians. Global warming leads to changes in rainfall patterns, which in turn stress moisture-loving amphibians, leaving them vulnerable to deadly diseases the scientists said.
MOON SHEDS LIGHT ON CLIMATE CHANGE ON EARTH
Studies of the moon conducted by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Western Center for Global Environmental Change are giving scientists another tool to measure climate change on Earth.
CALCULATE YOUR PERSONAL GLOBAL WARMING IMPACT ONLINE
The World Resources Institute has launched a Web site where visitors can calculate individual actions that contribute to global warming.
GLOBAL WARMING IS MELTING AUSTRALIA'S ALPINE SNOW
In an early warning to the rest of the world, Australia's snowy alpine regions are shrinking and could disappear in 70 years because of global warming, Australian scientists say.
WARMING THREATENS BUILDINGS IN THE ARCTIC
Global warming could weaken the ice-soil mixture called permafrost in areas surrounding the Arctic Circle, leading to damage to buildings, pipelines, and electric generating stations, according to a study by a University of Delaware geographer and his colleagues, appearing in the April 19 issue of Nature. Large cities in Siberia and smaller ones in Alaska and Canada run the risk of being affected, Frederick Nelson, told United Press International.
WARMING OCEANS PORTEND DESTRUCTIVE EL NINO
A progressive warming of tropical oceans, likely due to the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, is driving major climate changes observed in the Northern Hemisphere since 1950, according to a new study by two veteran American climate scientists.
UK WEATHER EXPERT CRITICIZES GOVERNMENT ON GLOBAL WARMING
A senior British meteorological official accused government ministers on Monday of undermining the country's efforts to combat global warming by making simplistic and uninformed remarks about its impact. Peter Ewins, chief executive of the Meteorological Office, was speaking in an interview with the Times newspaper at a time when Britain is pressing U.S. President George W. Bush to reverse his decision to pull out of the Kyoto accord to tackle global warming.
BIODIVERSITY GIVES CARBON SINKS A BOOST
UPTON, New York, April 13, 2001 (ENS) – The more diverse an ecosystem, the better it can serve to absorb carbon dioxide – a potent greenhouse gas – from the atmosphere, a new study suggests. The research has important implications for ongoing international negotiations over the best way to address global climate change, and the role that so called carbon sinks should play.
Climate Change Central to Sponsor Alberta GHG Emissions Trading Simulation
CALGARY, Canada, Apr. 27 -/E-Wire/– Climate Change Central announces a request for proposals for the delivery of an Emissions Trading Simulation that will allow Alberta organizations the opportunity to gain hands-on experience in trading greenhouse gases in a virtual trading environment.
Europe Vs the USA on Kyoto Protocol
EU World Trip Confirms U.S. Isolation on Kyoto
A world trip undertaken by a European Union delegation following America's withdrawal from the Kyoto Protocol has resulted in five key countries pledging firm support for the climate change negotiation process, according to team leader Kjell Larsson.
SUPPORT GROWING FOR CLIMATE DEAL WITHOUT U.S.
The European Union is gaining support from Russia, Asia and the developing world for pushing ahead with a 1997 deal on combating global warming that the United States has rejected, EU officials said on Monday. A delegation from the 15-country European bloc is in Japan on the last leg of a diplomatic tour to urge world powers to stick to the deal on cutting "greenhouse gases" that the White House threw out last month.
GLOBAL WARMING TREATY ISN'T COMPLETE WITHOUT U.S.
A top Australian official said yesterday that no global warming agreement will be complete without the United States and that U.S. leadership is needed to craft a better treaty on the issue. "The United States is the key player," Australia's environmental minister, Robert Hill, said in Sydney before departing to join international talks on global warming at the United Nations in New York next week.
NEW CLIMATE PROPOSALS AIM TO APPEASE USA
THE HAGUE, The Netherlands, April 12, 2001 (ENS) – The chairman of the United Nations climate negotiations, Dutch Environment Minister Jan Pronk, has offered a new set of compromise proposals on rules for the Kyoto Protocol that are aimed at persuading the United States to rejoin the process.
U.S. CLIMATE STANCE TRIGGERS BOYCOTT THREATS
LONDON, United Kingdom, April 5, 2001 (ENS) – The USA's decision to abandon the Kyoto climate protocol is sparking a wave of calls from European environmentalists and Greens for consumers to take revenge on President George W. Bush by boycotting American firms.
EPA MANAGER GIVES EUROPE NO JOY ON CLIMATE PROTOCOL
WASHINGTON, DC, April 4, 2001 (ENS) – The best reasons advanced by European environmental officials in Washington this week to reinterest the Bush administration in climate negotiations did not appear to be persuasive. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Christie Todd Whitman gave European environmental representatives little hope that the Bush administration would reconsider its decision not to support the Kyoto Protocol.
CANADA FIRM IN SUPPORT OF CLIMATE TREATY
OTTAWA, Ontario, Canada, April 4, 2001 (ENS) – Top European Union environmental officials seeking support for the Kyoto climate protocol met with a warmer reception in the Canadian capital today than they did in Washington on Monday and Tuesday.
Europe Will Ratify Kyoto Protocol Without the USA
The 15 countries of the European Union will ratify the Kyoto climate protocol by 2002 with or without American participation, Swedish Environment Minister Kjell Larsson said this weekend.
WORLD LEADERS URGE BUSH TO RETHINK GLOBAL WARMING
President George W. Bush, in a letter signed by 10 prominent people including former President Jimmy Carter and former Russian leader Mikhail Gorbachev, was urged to reconsider his administration's position regarding the Kyoto Protocol aimed at reducing gas emissions believed responsible for a warming of the planet.
EUROPE WILL RATIFY KYOTO PROTOCOL WITHOUT THE USA
KIRUNA, Sweden, April 2, 2001 (ENS) – The 15 countries of the European Union will ratify the Kyoto climate protocol by 2002 with or without American participation, Swedish Environment Minister Kjell Larsson said this weekend.
UN OFFERS TO ANSWER BUSH'S CLIMATE CHANGE DOUBTS
NAIROBI, Kenya, April 2, 2001 (ENS) – In a clear reference to the United States, a high ranking United Nations official has asked those countries with doubts about the science behind climate change forecasts, to present them.
AUSTRALIA URGED NOT TO JOIN U.S. ON CLIMATE BACKFLIP
Australia's conservative government came under pressure on Monday to reaffirm its commitment to the 1997 Kyoto protocol on greenhouse gas reductions after the United States abandoned the treaty.
EUROPEAN ASSEMBLY BLASTS U.S. ON KYOTO PROTOCOL
The Council of Europe's Parliamentary Assembly questioned on Thursday whether the United States remains a "reliable partner" for Europe following President Bush's rejection of the Kyoto climate accord.
CLIMATE BREAKDOWN PITS USA AGAINST THE WORLD
NEW YORK, New York, April 23, 2001 (ENS) – High level talks on the Kyoto climate protocol at the Waldorf Astoria hotel in New York over the weekend have confirmed global opposition to America's decision to abandon the deal in its current form.
PACIFIC ENVIRONMENTALISTS SEEK U.S. GOODS BOYCOTT
South Pacific climate activists want a region-wide boycott of all U.S. goods to protest against President George W. Bush's decision to ditch the Kyoto protocol on global warming, a regional umbrella group said on Thursday. Stanley Simpson of the Fiji-based Pacific Concern Resource Center (PCRC) said the plan was to stage a repeat of a regional consumer boycott of French products organized after Paris resumed nuclear tests on South Pacific atolls in the mid-1990s.
UN CLIMATE HEAD URGES US NOT TO BLOCK KYOTO TREATY
The head of the U.N. forum on global warming urged the Bush administration Wednesday not to block the Kyoto climate change treaty designed to cut carbon dioxide emissions. Jan Pronk, current head of U.N. climate change negotiations and Dutch environment minister, said he would request that the United States not "block the agreement if other countries want to agree, and that is an important political request."
WORLD TO SLOW CLIMATE WORK AFTER U.S. MOVE
Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg said on Tuesday that Norway and other nations would scale back work to combat global warming if the United States stuck to a refusal to join a global climate accord. "The key thing is to get international agreements everyone respects," he told NRK public radio, adding that the U.S. rejection of the so-called Kyoto accord "makes work in Norway and other countries more difficult."
JAPAN VOWS TO SUPPORT KYOTO PACT
Japan's environment minister vowed to help achieve a world consensus in the fight against global warming but acknowledged that success would be difficult given U.S. opposition to the Kyoto climate treaty.
BUSH BACKS CLINTON EPA ON MERCURY
President Bush is siding with his Democratic predecessor on two air pollution issues, agreeing to regulate mercury emissions from coal-burning power plants and requiring cleaner diesel fuel and engines. Environmentalists expressed delight Tuesday that the Bush administration is asking a federal appeals court to uphold a Clinton-era plan on mercury pollution regulation.
Australia Tackles Emissions With Cogeneration Boost
Two new projects expected to reduce greenhouse emissions by more than three million tonnes over fives years have won A$26 million (US$12.84 million) in support from the Australian government's Greenhouse Gas Abatement Program.
MONGOLIA DUST CLOUD MOVES ACROSS AMERICA
An enormous dust cloud from Mongolia recently arrived in the western United States, causing concerns over air quality and air transportation, and proving that pollution is an international problem.
OZONE DEPLETION LESS THAN USUAL OVER NORTHERN HEMISPHERE
The destruction of the Earth's protective layer over the Northern Hemisphere has been less than usual in recent years, but is due to warmer temperatures rather than a drop in ozone-depleting chemicals, U.N. experts said on Tuesday.
FOOT-AND-MOUTH PYRES CREATE DIOXINS
Britain's foot-and-mouth pyres are creating more lethal pollutants than all the country's most toxic factories combined, The Independent reported Sunday.
SMALL POWER PLANTS ARE BIG OZONE PRODUCERS
New research on ozone pollution has found that power plants can't be judged by size alone, scientists said Thursday.
POWER PLANT LOCATION PLAYS ROLE IN SMOG FORMATION
BOULDER, Colorado, April 27, 2001 (ENS) – The United States needs to rethink its strategy for controlling ground level ozone or smog pollution, a new study suggests. The research by federal and university scientists suggests that programs to reduce harmful ozone produced by electric utility power plants could be improved by considering power plant emission rates and geographic location.
FUEL, POWERTRAIN STUDY BACKS RENEWABLES
A study just released gives high marks to gasoline-derived fuels and fuel cell vehicles as the cleanest and most efficient combination of fuel and propulsion system for the near term. The study also found that hydrogen-powered fuel cell vehicles are the best long-term solution.
USED MOTOR OIL COLLECTION AND RECYCLING SITE
A straightforward guide to motor oil recycling from the American Petroleum Institute. Essential for businesses using motor oil for equipment or fleet vehicles.
BIO-BASED INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS SITE
A straightforward site on bio-based industrial products, ranging from lubricants, functional fluids, and alternative fuels to plant-based plastics. Each product category lists manufacturers and ranks the products according to performance measurements and environmental attributes. The site also is a resource center on applicable laws and regulations.
U.S. DOT takes action to improve pipeline accident reporting
To enhance the performance of its safety mission, the U.S. Department of Transportation's (DOT) Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) has announced plans to lower the reporting threshold for hazardous liquid pipeline accidents from 50 barrels to 5 gallons, heightening the quantity, quality, and usefulness of reported accident information. A barrel is equal to 42 gallons.
EXPERTS SAY MORE ACTIONS NEEDED TO SOLVE CALIFORNIA CRISIS
Even though California regulators approved the largest electricity rate hike in history — expected to bring in $7 billion in revenues — economists and energy experts say the increase is not enough to solve the state's energy crisis.
BUSH COUNTS ON INDUSTRY'S CLEAN-COAL TECHNOLOGY
Take dirty old coal and smash it. Add water to make mud. Pour the mud into a 2,700-degree oven filled with pure oxygen. Voila, the coal mixture is transformed into a much cleaner-burning gas. "This is where the magic takes place," said Tom Berry, the former chief engineer at the $650 million prototype electric power plant here, which uses the process to light up nearby Walt Disney World. "This technology is amazing in what it will do down the road."
BioMass Energy Concepts to provide turnkey biomass-fueled cogeneration energy systems
Advanced Recycling Equipment Company (St. Mary's, PA) and Revere Control Systems (Birmingham, AL) recently formed BioMass Energy Concepts BEC to provide turnkey biomass-fueled energy systems to a wide range of markets. The combined resources and expertise of the two partners will allow BEC to serve as a single-source for complete equipment packages for biomass energy systems.
The DoD fuel cell demo program: an overview
The Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL) is part of the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (USAERDC), which is the Army Corps of Engineers' integrated research and development (R&D) organization. One technical area of focus at CERL is energy and utilities systems for military installations. This article provides an overview of that work.
Green power turns brown in California
The California energy debacle has been well publicized. Reasons for the failure of deregulation in the Golden State vary, but fail it did.
Energy solutions. No matter where in the world your next project materializes, you will need a reliable, cost effective electrical energy source.
Combustion Data Acquisition System
The Combustion Data Acquisition System (CDAS) is designed to measure thermocouple inputs, analog signals, digital signals and frequency inputs.
GEOTHERMAL PLANT COULD POWER ENTIRE UK
Britain could be powered by just one massive underground geothermal power station if ambitious plans unveiled Wednesday by a group of scientists reach fruition.
NEW SOLAR TECHNOLOGIES EMERGE TO MEET ELECTRICITY DEMAND
GOLDEN, Colorado, April 24, 2001 (ENS) – A longstanding efficiency recordfor electricity produced by solar cells made from cadmium telluride has been broken by researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).
New Website Offers Clean Energy Data, Facts, Employment Information
WASHINGTON, DC, Apr. 23 -/E-Wire/– Renewable Energy Policy Project (REPP-CREST) announced today the launch of a new resource website for journalists, business, government and the public on energy issues. First launched in 1994, the redesigned site, http://www.crest.org, provides information about renewable energy and energy efficiency for visitors ranging frombeginner to expert. Crest.org is powered by solar energy and is hosted by REPP-CREST's community partner, SolarHost.
Renewables Can Bridge Poverty Gap, Says UN Team
Harnessing the sun's rays to produce renewable energy with little or no pollution sounds good in theory but when a solar panel costs about $700, it can be expensive, particularly for developing countries.
A panel of environmental specialists met at United Nations headquarters Wednesday to discuss ways of working out the barriers to the use of renewable energies.
FUEL EFFICIENCY SLIGHTED IN CAR SHOW
The brushed aluminum letters, each more than a foot high, promise much more than just a car: "Freedom," "Serenity," and "Adventure," is what Ford is selling at this year's New York International Auto Show. Nary a word though about something far more mundane: fuel efficiency.
Public Power Renewable Energy Action Team Launched
Non-Profit Center for Resource Solutions Assumes Management Responsibilities
SAN FRANCISCO, CA, Apr. 3 -/E-Wire/– Municipal utilities in Californiahave come together behind renewable resources. Volatile electricity market share making renewable energy increasingly cost-effective, and a team of municipal utilities plans to deploy renewable resources as a means to ensure the continued competitiveness of public power. The Center for Resource Solutions (CRS), a non-profit organization based in San Francisco, has assumed management and organizational responsibilities for the group, which is called the Public Power Renewable Energy Action Team (PPREAT). Key supporters of PPREAT include the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, City of Anaheim, Northern California Power Agency and many other municipal utilities in California.
CANNING RIVER CRISIS: OIL AND WATER DON'T MIX
Often left out of the environmental discussion over the impact of oil exploration in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is the effect that drilling could have on the region's scarce supply of water. Part Two of a two-part series on America's endangered rivers.
AMERICA'S RIVERS RAVAGED BY ENERGY CONSUMPTION
America's rivers may be the first to feel the effects of the country's energy crisis, according to a report.
Rivers Have Long Way to Flow to Meet New EU Law
Habitat destruction and pollution from industry and agriculture have left many of Europe's rivers needing to be revived in order to meet new European Union water standards, according to research by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).
"Although heavy pollution in Europe’s rivers is reduced, most European rivers are far from achieving their ecological potential," said Jane Madgwick, head of WWF’s European Freshwater Programme.
A Better Way to Estimate Wastewater Treatment Plant Costs
HAMILTON, ONTARIO, Canada, Apr. 30 -/E-Wire/– Hydromantis, Inc. announced the release of software named CapdetWorks for the design and costing of wastewater treatment plants. CapdetWorks is a planning level design and costing tool that allows the user to drag-and-drop unit processes to build a wastewater treatment plant schematic, automatically calculate a design and then estimate the cost to build, operate and maintain the facility.
Waste or conserve water: peril vs. prosperity
What choices we make to better manage water will become a direct indicator of our future peril or prosperity. Worldwide, large governments subsidize $33 billion dollars each year to keep water prices down. This trend will change.
leaders brainstorm ways for water systems to sidestep summer energy crunch
Heeding U.S. Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham's prediction that summer power blackouts are inevitable in California, leaders from water, energy, utility, air quality and emergency services crafted an action plan to deal with the impacts of a power crunch on regional water systems.
Analyzing a new biological treatment process for wastewater
Removal of nitrate, selenium, perchlorate or other parameters from wastewater to meet discharge limits is often problematic and costly. An effective yet simple process, the Anoxic Biotreatment Cell, provides an engineered treatment system–more reliable than passive treatment, yet less expensive than conventional biological or physical/chemical options.
Sustainable Management For Dams And Waters
Sustainable Management of New England Waters and Dams of the Americas was written to encourage engineers and planners who work on water projects to add another dimension to their understanding of water — the dimension of aquatic biology and ecology.
Findings may boost efforts to destroy pollutants in water with ultrasound
Engineers at Purdue University, in an effort to develop an effective system that uses ultrasound to clean polluted water, have pinpointed the frequency that degrades certain kinds of pollutants most efficiently. The findings could be used to design better ultrasonic systems for destroying pollutants in water, said Inez Hua, an associate professor of civil engineering.
EPA announces new standard for arsenic in drinking water
EPA Administrator Christie Whitman says that she is moving forward on a protective standard to dramatically reduce levels of arsenic in drinking water. The new standard, once established, will take effect at the same time that the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) previous proposal was scheduled to go into place — 2006.
MTBE: Effects on Soil and Groundwater Resources
Written by an expert team of scientists, engineers, and toxicologists, MTBE: Effects on Soil and Ground-Water Resources provides complete in-depth coverage of the assessment and potential remediation strategies of methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE).
WORLD'S RICHEST NATIONS URGE GREEN TAXES
PARIS, France, April 9, 2001 (ENS) – Industrialized countries should launch a coordinated program to remove environmentally damaging subsidies and introduce environmental taxes, according to a new report by an organization that represents the world's richest nations.
HOW TO INVENTORY YOUR WASTES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE
The Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center's big guide gives businesses the skinny on waste. Check out sections on how to reduce your operating and environmental compliance costs, improve your company's image, and improve your employees' safety on the job.
EUROPE TACKLES HIGH COST OF ENERGY DEPENDENCY
BRUSSELS, Belgium, April 25, 2001 (ENS) – The European Commission is proposing a new law that would improve the energy efficiency of new and existing buildings within the 15 member European Union.
The building sector is estimated to be responsible for 40 percent of the European Union's energy consumption. Most of that energy is used for heat, light, hot water and air conditioning.
A better way to estimate wastewater treatment plant costs
A new program called CapdetWorks is a planning level design and costing tool that allows the user to drag-and-drop unit processes to build a wastewater treatment plant schematic, automatically calculate a design and then estimate the cost to build, operate and maintain the facility.
BP Amoco Pays Big Bucks for Oil Spill in Small Kansas Town
BP Amoco has agreed to pay a $804,700 civil penalty for a 1994 oil spill into the Marais des Cygnes River by ARCO Pipeline Company (ARCO) which it purchased last year.
The 162,500 gallon oil spill disrupted the water supply to the small town of Osawatomie, Kansas for 38 days in January of 1994. Osawatomie, population about 4,500, is 50 miles southwest of Kansas City.
EPA announces $38 million for Brownfields cleanup
More than 90 communities around the United States will share $38 million earmarked for Brownfields assessment and cleanup. "This year we've included provisions for the evaluation, protection and preservation of 'greenspace' — parks, playgrounds, trails, gardens, habitat restoration, and open space," said EPA Administrator Christie Whitman.
Atomic Energy Agency describes Chernobyl's disastrous impact
When the news of an accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant came out, it shocked the world. The accident was by far the most devastating in the history of nuclear power, and the people of the region continue to live with its consequences.
Law & Policy
BUSH BUDGET SLASHES ENVIRONMENTAL, ENERGY EFFICIENCY
WASHINGTON, DC, April 10, 2001 (ENS) – Though you cannot tell from the glowing reviews provided by White House Cabinet members, President George W. Bush's first federal budget would slash funding for environmental programs, energy conservation and agricultural preservation. The budget met praise from industry and Congressional Republicans, but was roundly condemned by environmental and public interest groups, as well as Congressional Democrats.
NEW ENERGY STANDARDS APPROVED
New efficiency standards approved by the Bush administration are expected to save billions of dollars in energy costs but significantly increase prices of new washing machines and water heaters. Improved washing machines will cut water use nationwide by 10.5 trillion gallons by 2030 and save $15.3 billion in electricity costs. That's enough to light all U.S. homes for more than four years, the Energy Department estimates.
BUSH MAY PULL BACK ENERGY STANDARDS
The Bush administration is close to deciding whether to roll back standards issued in the last days of the Clinton presidency requiring new home central air conditioners and heat pumps to use less electricity and natural gas. The decision, on the heels of rolling electricity blackouts in California and President Bush's declaration of an "energy crisis," also could result in rescinding new efficiency standards for clothes washers and water heaters, Energy Department spokesman Joe Davis said Wednesday.
ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE ISSUES FORCE CEMENT PLANT TO CLOSE
CAMDEN, New Jersey, April 24, 2001 (ENS) – In a precedent setting environmental justice decision, a federal judge has halted operations at a New Jersey cement plant, saying toxic emissions from the facility would harm nearby residents and violate their civil rights. The plant was officially dedicated last March by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Christie Whitman, then New Jersey's governor.
EPA ARSENIC EVALUATION MOVE CRITICIZED
Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Christie Whitman called Wednesday for a study of a three to 20 parts per billion standard for arsenic in drinking water as a step forward to lowering the current 50 parts per billion standard – a move criticized by environmental groups as opening the door to shifting the allowable level upward from the 10 parts per billion standard attempted by the Clinton administration.
POLLUTION LAWSUIT ESCALATES IN HOUSTON
The list of potential combatants is getting longer for a looming legal battle over air pollution and road-building in the Houston area.
BUSH ENERGY BUDGET BOOSTS FOSSIL FUELS, CUTS RENEWABLES
President George W. Bush's proposed federal budget, would put America's alternative and renewable energy sectors on a diet while providing a glut of funding for fossil fuel development.
Arsenic in politics may be hazardous to health
Reaction to the announcement that the Clinton-era arsenic rule would be reviewed was predictable. Arsenic is one of the most polarizing issues, even for water suppliers. Columnist Fred Pontius discusses the issues at stake.
Non-Chemical Water Treatment System
Pure*Treat is a non-chemical water treatment system which helps eliminate bacteriological fouling, contamination and hardwater scale build-up. Environmental friendly and non-polluting, this system is for all types of recirculating water processes. — Baker Hydro Flitration, Inc., Augusta, GA.
1.5 Megawatt Wind Turbine Gear Unit
The most efficient, natural way to harness wind power just got better with the introduction of The Cincinnati Gear Group's 1.5 Megawatt Wind Turbine Gear Unit. — Cincinnati Gear Company, Cincinnati, OH.
Greater flexibility for states in vehicle emission control systems
In an effort to provide states with greater flexibility, EPA is phasing in on-board diagnostic (OBD) testing requirements for passenger vehicles. The OBD system is designed to trigger the "check engine" light if the vehicle's pollution control devices are not functioning properly.
Surfactant combinations for enhanced removal of contaminants
This article gives an overview of results obtained in recent years working on selection of surface-active additive combinations for different purposes, including surfactant combinations for the hydraulic in-situ remediation of soils, for the stimulation of biodegradation, several surfactant formulations with high extraction efficiency for different contaminants, and special additives for the enhanced washing of tar contaminated soils, as well as the development of a two-step bioreactor process for removal of contaminants with low bioavailability.
Pollution Control System Parts/Service
Offering a complete service program to repair, maintain, rebuild, and upgrade air pollution control systems, this company can work with clients to make sure that the equipment continues to comply with emission regulations. The preventive maintenance program can help keep equipment running by spotting problems before they become emergencies. — McGill AirClean Corp., Columbus, OH.
APT-4PFM Water Discharge System
The APT-4PFM Wastewater Discharge System has been designed as a unit for fully automatic, unattended operation that solves difficult wastewater discharge problems for both marine and industrial applications. Larger sizes are available. — Advanced Pollution Control Technology, Inc., Jersey City, NJ.
Water Filtration System
The "RFV 4000" filtration skid from SMI Companies, Franklin, Louisiana, USA, is comprised of ASME code-certified vessels containing cartridge type filtration media. The vessel configuration and manifolding allows for an output of 4000 GPM of high quality "polished" water with back up system redundancy for continuous operation.
Principles of Applied Reservoir Simulation
Author: John R. Fanchi
This book and its accompanying CD offer users a fully functioning reservoir simulator. Together, they provide a hands-on introduction to the process of reservoir modeling and show how to apply reservoir simulation technology and principles…
Water Treatment Membrane Processes
Water Treatment Membrane Processes, by the American Water Works Association Research Foundation, enables you to use membrane filtration methods for purifying drinking water — and utilize new research for wastewater treatment.
DataRAM 4(TM) Dual-Wavelength Aerosol Monitor
The DataRAM 4(TM) dual-wavelength aerosol monitor continuously measures, displays, and logs the concentrations and sizes of airborne particulates. Ideal for mobile, duct, stack, or ambient monitoring for safety, research, or regulatory compliance. — MIE Inc., Bedford, MA.
Aerosol Particle Profiler
The 531 aerosol particulate monitor combines hand-held portability with highly precise measurements, and can be configured as either a particle counter or particulate mass monitor. Using a laser-diode-based optical sensor, the 531 uses light scatter technology to detect, size, and count particles (larger than 0.5 microns). — Met One Instruments Inc., Grants Pass, OR.
Carbon Dioxide Monitor
Thermo GasTech, Newark, California, USA, a leading supplier of gas detection products, is introducing its new Model IAQ C02 Monitor. The Model IAQ C02 instrument measures carbon dioxide concentrations in the parts per million (ppm) range (0 – 5000).
Information & Literature
Hazardous Waste Management, 2E
Author: Michael LaGrega, et al.
This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the complex, interdisciplinary field of hazardous waste management, with thoroughly updated information on the most current methods of treatment, disposal, and site remediation.
BUILDER DATABASE ON PVC ALTERNATIVES
Greenpeace has launched a new international database that helps builders choose environmentally friendly alternatives to PVC products. The PVC Alternatives Database features more than 200 products from companies based in 17 countries that avoid the use of polyvinyl chlorides (PVCs), which have been linked to a range of health problems.
Water and Wastewater Technology
Mark J. Hammer
In this new edition, readers will benefit from a review of the disciplines that have specific application in water supply and wastewater management. The introductory chapters cover relevant principles from chemistry, biology, hydraulics, and hydrology…
Air Pollution Engineering Manual, 2E
From: Air & Waste Management Association
This comprehensive manual has long been recognized as an important source of information on air pollution control issues for industries affected by the Clean Air Act and regulations in other countries. It is thoroughly updated to reflect the latest emission factors and control measures for reducing air pollutants…
MTBE: Effects on Soil and Groundwater Resources
Author: James J Jacobs
Written by an expert team of scientists, engineers, and toxicologists, MTBE: Effects on Soil and Ground-Water Resources provides complete in-depth coverage of the assessment and potential remediation strategies of methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE).
Handbook of Public Water Systems, 2E
Public water systems deliver high-quality water to the public. They also present a vast array of problems, from pollution monitoring and control to the fundamentals of hydraulics and pipe fitting.
Industrial Water Pollution Control
Author: W. Eckenfelder, Jr.
This classic text is intended for the student in courses related to industrial water pollution control, as well as a guide for someone in the industry. It is very strong on biological treatment and reflects better than any other book actual industrial treatment practices…
Air Quality Web
The Air Quality Web News Pages are focused on providing you the most up to date information about the air pollution control industry. Daily news updates keep you informed about important events. — MacDonald Consulting, Playa Del Rey, CA.
Industrial Water Reuse and Wastewater Minimization
Author: James Mann, et al.
Money-saving water strategies for industry. In the U.S. alone, process industries, petrochemicals, pulp and paper, metals and minerals, and many others will generate over 120 million tons of wastewater by the year 2000. This book describes water reuse and wastewater minimization principles and practices that can be used worldwide…
Industrial Biofouling: Detection, Prevention and Control
Biofouling and biofilms are the terms used to describe the attachment of biological material to surfaces. A number of organisms including bacteria, protozoa, amoebae, fungi, barnacles and other organisms have been shown to form biofilms that create nuisances in man-made environments…
Sampling, Analysis and Monitoring Methods: A Guide to EPA and OSHA Requirements
Author: C.C. Lee, Ph.D.
An invaluable tool, Sampling, Analysis, and Monitoring Methods: A Guide to EPA and OSHA Requirements, simplifies the time-consuming process of searching through over 14,000 pages of Title 40 and 29 Code of Federal Regulations for new sampling, analysis…
Indoor Air Quality Handbook
By: John Spengler, et al.
This handbook brings you solutions to virtually any problem in the field. Leading U.S. and international experts help you to create and maintain safe and healthy environments in structures from hospitals to residences, and handle a range of questions from health and comfort effects and physiologic thresholds to ventilation measurement and employee programs…
Quality Assessment of Water and Wastewater
This manual emphasizes the importance of water purity for drinking and domestic purposes, different types of water and their utilization in various activities, the water quality requirements and criteria of International and Governmental Agencies, and simple estimation procedures and the significance of each analytical test.
Petroleum Refining, 4th Edition
Author: James. H. Gary, et al.
Continuing the esteemed tradition and high standards set by earlier editions, Petroleum Refining, Fourth Edition summarizes the latest developments in oil refining processes–addressing topics ranging from basic applications to the implementation of viable operations meeting environmental and economic stipulations…
Resources of the Earth: Origin, Use, and Environmental Impact
Author: James R. Craig, et al.
Extensively illustrated, balanced, broad-based, and up-to-date, this book explores the nature and critical issues of all major types of earth resources — energy, metallic, nonmetallic, water, soil — and the impacts that resource usage has on the earth environment…
Author: Robert Morrison
Offering state-of-the-art techniques for both attorneys and environmental scientists, this book discusses non-chemical methods such as corrosion modeling, inventory reconciliation, and aerial photography interpretation…
Manual of Applied Field Hydrogeology
Author: Willis Weight, et al.
Practicing field hydrogeology is challenging, but you'll be leagues ahead with the hands-on answers in this book. It provides plenty of practical examples to help you stay on top of what can go wrong, and prevent mishaps, injuries, and disasters; investigate contamination at hazardous waste sites safely and accurately…
EPA Special Feature
Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response – Brownfields
Brownfields are industrial and commercial land facilities that have been abandoned. Their development is complicated by environmental contamination.
The task of the EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response Brownfields Program is redevelopment and reuse of brownfields. The site provides definition and mission statement of the program, projects and initiatives, tools, and contacts, as well as links to the EPA Regional Brownfields home pages and other sites that contain information on this subject.
Brownfields Redevelopment Initiative
The General Services Administration (GSA) started the Brownfields Redevelopment Initiative in 1997. Its purpose is to identify and reuse federal land properties. The GSA has targeted 39 different project locations chosen on the basis of the existing partnerships among federal, state, and local organizations already working on improvement of these communities. GSA's Brownfields redevelopment Initiative website contains online mapping where all areas of redevelopment can be viewed; library of their resources; related links to state project locations, GSA and other Brownfields information; and regional points of contact which are accessible either by telephone number or email.
The Brownfields Center – Carnegie Mellon University and The University of Pittsburgh
The Brownfields Center (TBC) was founded to bring together multiple disciplines for the purpose of exploring potential benefits from revitalizing abandoned industrial locations. Researchers from the Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh have joined their forces to conduct studies aimed at brownfield development, urban infrastructure renewal, and economic development and to support the process of returning idle industrial sites to productive uses. The site contains announcements, projects, case studies and links to other topic-related sites. The program has its own newsletter available from the website.
The Great Lakes Regional Online Brownfields Information Network (ROBIN)
ROBIN is a clearinghouse for information about brownfields cleanup and redevelopment in the binational Great Lakes region. Developed by the Great Lakes Commission as part of the Council of Great Lakes Governors Brownfields Project, ROBIN integrates information exchange for abandoned lands and their clean up and redevelopment. The organization's website provides links to other online resources on brownfields. The site also contains regional clean up programs, federal and state financing programs and organizations, technical assistance, case studies, and local initiatives that were undertaken.
EPA – Office Of Ground Water & Drinking Water – Arsenic
The 1996 amendments to the Safe Drinking Water Act requires the EPA to revise the existing drinking water standard for arsenic. The EPA's Office of Ground Water & Drinking Water – Arsenic's website contains the latest information about the recent changes in the rulemaking efforts for this standard. As more information becomes available, the site will continue to be updated. The site also contains information about the history of the EPA's rulemaking efforts for this standard including the project plan, implementation guidelines, the proposed timeline, strategies, meeting summaries, upcoming events, Federal Register notices, and how the public can comment on the proposed regulations.
USGS Arsenic in ground water of the United States
Most arsenic found in ground water is a result of minerals that have dissolved from weathered rocks and soils. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has collected and analyzed arsenic levels from 18,850 wells in 595 counties across the United States. Arsenic concentrations in these wells are similar to those found in nearby public supplies, thus producing a more accurate view of arsenic concentrations. On the USGS's website, you can find a map created from this data that shows where and to what extent arsenic occurs in ground water across the country. The highest amounts were found in the West, but also in the Midwest and Northeast. The site also contains a fact sheet, an faq, and other publications and data on this map project as well as links for both arsenic and drinking water resources.
UC-Berkeley Arsenic Health Effects Research Program
The University of California, Berkeley's Arsenic Research Program is run by staff at the School of Public Health. The research done here began over ten years ago and originally focused on the risk of cancer. International projects are currently ongoing in Argentina, Chile, India, and Bangladesh.
In the United States, projects are ongoing in California and Nevada . Funding sources include the National Institutes for Environmental Health Sciences, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the California Cancer Research Program. The website contains information on the various research projects and findings, publications, and the researchers at UC-Berkeley as well other institutions in the US, Chile, Argentina, and India.
London Arsenic Group
The London Arsenic Group, part of the Research School of Geological & Geophysical Sciences at University College London, is made up of a multi-disciplinary team from the fields of sedimentary geochemistry, hydrochemistry, environmental mineralogy and analytical geochemistry. Their goal is to understand the source, mobility, and fate, of arsenic in the environment. Besides information on the group's members and facilities, their website contains information on the group's publications, arsenic related meetings and conferences and the ubiquitous list of links.
West Bengal and Bangladesh Arsenic Crisis Information Centre
Currently in Bangladesh and West Bengal, India, millions of people are drinking ground water with arsenic levels much higher than the US EPA standard. The West Bengal and Bangladesh Arsenic Crisis Information Centre website strives to be a focal point for this crisis. Co-sponsored by the Dhaka Community Hospital Trust, School of Environment Studies, Jadavpur University, & water environment international, the site includes an "infobank" of publications about the crisis, discussion groups, a newsletter, and exhaustive lists of relevant articles, books, conference proceedings, brochures, newsletters, videos, and online links. ACIC membership is available for both organizations and individuals for a fee.
TOXICS RELEASE REPORT HIGHLIGHTS PROGRESS, SETBACKS
WASHINGTON, DC, April 12, 2001 (ENS) – New toxic pollution data released Wednesday by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency show that ongoing industrial toxic pollution continues to affect American communities nationwide. Environmental and public interest groups say the data also demonstrate the need for better environmental protections.
Million dollar fines issued for Delaware and Nebraska companies
UtiliCorp United Inc., of Delaware and PeopleService Inc., of Nebraska each pleaded guilty on March 15 to five counts of violating the Clean Water Act. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the two companies failed to ensure that employees filed accurate wastewater discharge monitoring reports. UtiliCorp was fined $1 million and PeopleService $100,000 following their guilty pleas.